The japanese political system is based on japans constitution which was drafted after the end of world war iienacted on may 3 1947 it firmly established a democracy in form of a constitutional monarchy which similar to the uk maintained its long standing imperial family as the honorary figurehead of the country. One of the legacies of the us role in designing the postwar japanese political system is the existence of a new federal court system including one supreme court 8 high courts 50 district courts 50 family courts and 438 summary courts most important is the sct that has the power of judicial review. In the judicial system of japan the constitution of japan guarantees that all judges shall be independent in the exercise of their conscience and shall be bound only by this constitution and the laws article 76 they cannot be removed from the bench unless judicially declared mentally or physically incompetent to perform official duties . The politics of japan are conducted in a framework of a multi party bicameral parliamentary representative democratic constitutional monarchy whereby the emperor is the ceremonial head of state and the prime minister is the head of government and the head of the cabinet which directs the executive branch. The japanese legislature is called the kokkai or diet and is a bicameral structure generally decisions are made on a majority vote but a two thirds majority is required in special cases the lower house in the japanese political system is the shugi in or house of representatives
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